The town of El Nido (“the nest” in Spanish) is located 238 km northeast of Puerto Princesa, the capital of Palawan.
There were human traces found here dating from 2680 BC. Several fossils and funerary sites have been discovered, and the most spectacular site is the cave of Ille in New Ibajay, about 15 km from El Nido. Bones from more than 8,000 years ago were discovered there by archaeologists.
In the 1800s, Spanish settlers discovered this side of the island and decided to call it “Bacuit“. It is only in 1954 that the town acquired its current name of “El Nido” because of the numerous edible nests of salanganes in the surrounding area. These birds use the small cracks of the limestone cliffs to build their nests (sold by locals for about $3000 a kilo).
In December 2007, National Geographic chose Palawan, El Nido to be precise, as one of the best destinations in the world.
There almost always has been a strong migration to El Nido. There are members of the different ethnic groups of the Philippine islands, such as Tagalogs, Visayans, or Bicolanos, as well as Chinese, Spaniards, and a small number of Germans. Consequently, apart from Filipino, people often speak English.
The economy of El Nido is obviously focused on tourism, as several scuba diving sites are known all over the world. There is also some agriculture: coconut, cashew nut, banana, and mango are the most common crops.